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 Bus / coach (PCV) licence theory tests


Try a random selection of questions for your passenger carrying vehicle licence which covers all the Highway Code sections. All practise questions are multiple choice and will challenge your knowledge of the road rules. Or choose a specific topic below. Your real bus and coach test will have 100 questions.

Vehicle Weights & Dimensions

Weight restrictions, speed limits and limiters, height and width signs

Drivers' Hours & Rest Periods

Tachographs, EC and EU rules, driving while tired, overnight stops and mandatory rest periods

Braking Systems

Taking care of air brake systems, emergency stops, ABS, brake fade and escape lanes

The Driver

Seatbelts, driver behaviour, anticipating other road users' movements

Carrying Passengers

Driving for passenger safety and comfort

The Road

Driving a high-sided vehicle; driving in different types of weather on different surfaces

Accident Handling

Safety equipment, what to do in an accident, how to help at an accident scene

Vehicle Condition

Keeping your bus road-worthy, caring for its essential systems, and recognising warning lights

Leaving the Vehicle

Parking, entering and exiting your vehicle

Restricted View

Seating position, blind spots, and turning into junctions


Licence categories and restrictions

Environmental Issues

Road damage, pollution, speed, spillages, reducing fuel consumption

Traffic Signs

Different types of signs; shapes, colours, instructions and more

Other Road Users

Driving around motorcyclists, pedestrians, horse riders and other vehicles

Types of bus licence

You can drive a minibus with no more than 16 passenger seats and a maximum length of 8 metres with a Category D1 licence. You can also tow a trailer up to 750kg, but if you want to tow a bigger trailer then you will need a Category D1+E licence. The trailer can't weigh more than the vehicle and the gross combined weight must not exceed 12000kg.

You can drive any bus with more than 8 passenger seats with a trailer up to 750kg on a Category D licence. If you want to pull a heavier trailer you will need a Category D+E licence.

Taking your bus theory test

Make sure you get plenty of practise using this website. It works on a smartphone and tablet, too, so you can practise right up until you go into the test. Don't rush the test - it's multiple choice and you can usually deduce which answer is the correct one even if you are not quite sure. Keep an eye on the time, though, as you don't want to run out of time. Make sure you are well hydrated and have had a good night's sleep (dehydration and tiredness make it more difficult to think).

The bus theory test is made of two parts: a multiple choice quiz much like the one you can practise here, plus a hazard perception test.

After you have passed the theory test and hazard perception test you will be issued a theory test certificate and you can then book your practical test using the theory test number. You must take your practical test within two years of passing your theory test.

Taking your bus practical test

The practical test lasts around 90 minutes and includes vehicle safety questions, practical road driving and off-road exercises. The questions for buses and lorries are 'show me, tell me' questions.

During the practical test the examiner will observe you using the vehicle controls, moving away at an angle uphill and downhill, braking, using the mirrors, giving signals, showing awareness and anticipation of other road users, managing progress and controlling speed, dealing with hazards and finding a safe place to stop.

Off-road exercises including an S-shaped reverse into a bay and following the correct uncoupling and re-coupling procedure if you're taking a test with a trailer.